Joined Ruffer in 2010 after graduating from Newcastle University with a first class honours degree in history and politics. Alex worked closely with Clemmie Vaughan and Jonathan Ruffer for six years. In 2012, he became a member of the Chartered Institute for Securities & Investment, achieving a merit in the Private Client Advice and Management paper. He specialises in geopolitics and its investment implications, with a particular focus on European and Great Power politics. He is a co-manager of the LF Ruffer Total Return Fund.